For cities, the evidence suggests that the existence of software production capabilities, in the form of industrial clusters and local value added zones of creative industries in city landscapes, leads to increased innovation of products, services, processes, and business models for local industries of national importance.
And while in these industries the end product of a value chain (in agriculture, tourism, etc.) may not in itself be knowledge-intensive, the innovation process, including knowledge inputs from outside the firms and institutions, may indeed be.
This supports the proposition that enduring competitive advantage in today’s global economy lies increasingly with local knowledge, relationships, infrastructure, and interactions between software producers and users, and reinforces the need for innovation policy to focus on creating and supporting the complex interactions between innovators and their partners.
This highlights the importance of such issues as livability and sustainability of the urban environment to attract the highly skilled and highly mobile workers of the techno-economic age who are globally connected via the Internet, and have become more selective about where they locate. It also raises the importance of developing indigenous skills, capabilities, and enabling environments in the urban environment, including creating ICT awareness, strengthening human capacities in technology use, and securing a competitive ICT infrastructure within the city environment.
This focus on the importance of urban environments in national competitiveness highlights that, in a world of spatial dispersed economic activities, globally integrated markets, and international operations, local innovation ecosystems help to create connected cities that drive economic growth and enhance national competitiveness, by acting as urban hubs of innovation that support the development and maturity of a local software economy.
We work with government, industry and academic partners to identify these opportunities for economic development and develop digital strategies that drive job creation, entrepreneurship and innovation growth.